Philip II

(1527–98)
   Monarch.
   Philip II was the son of the Emperor Charles V and in 1556, on his father’s abdication, he became King of Spain, Naples, Milan and the Netherlands, as well as having considerable possessions in the New World. At this point in his life he was married to Mary I of England where he was widely hated as a representative of a repressive Roman Catholic power. After Mary’s death in 1559, he wanted to marry her half-sister Elizabeth i. When it eventually became clear that England was to be a Protestant power, he sent his ‘invincible Armada’ to capture the island in 1588. This proved to be an unmitigated disaster. In addition, revolt in the Netherlands led to the establishment of the Protestant Dutch republic in 1579. Many of his policies, however, were successful. He defeated the French at St Quentin in 1557 and the Turks at Lepanto in 1571 and he was undoubtedly the most powerful monarch in Europe of his day. A devout Roman Catholic, he made use of the Inquisition in Spain and supported the Jesuits. Under his leadership Spain became the intellectual and political centre of the Counter- Reformation.
   J. Buckler, Philip II and the Sacred War (1989);
   H.G. Koenigsberg, ‘The statecraft of Philip II’, European Studies Review, i (1971);
   J. Lynch, ‘Philip II and the Papacy’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 5th series, xi (1961);
   G. Parker, Philip II (1979).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Philip — Philip1 [fil′ip] n. [L Philippus < Gr Philippos, lit., fond of horses < philos, loving + hippos, horse] 1. a masculine name: dim. Phil; var. Phillip; equiv. L. Philippus, Fr. Philippe, Ger. Philipp, It. Filippo, Sp. Felipe; fem. Philippa 2 …   English World dictionary

  • Philip — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Philip hace referencia a: Philip Glass, compositor estadounidense; Philip Kaufman, Director de cine estadounidense; Philip Showalter Hench, médico, Premio Nobel de Medicina o Fisiología en 1950; Philip Sidney, poeta… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Philip V — may refer to:* Philip V of Macedon (221–179 BC) * Philip V of France (1293–1322) * Philip II of Spain, also Philip V, Duke of Burgundy (1526–1598) * Philip V of Spain (1683–1746) …   Wikipedia

  • Philip IV — may refer to:* Philip IV of Macedon (died 297 BC) * Philip IV of France (1268–1314) * Philip IV, Duke of Burgundy and I of Castile, the Handsome (1478–1506) * Philip IV of Spain and III of Portugal (1605–1665) …   Wikipedia

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  • Philip Ma — Ching Yeung (* 1. Mai 1963, Hongkong) ist ein hongkong chinesischer Autorennfahrer. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Karriere 2 Karrierestationen 3 Einzelnachweise …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Philip — Philip, SD U.S. city in South Dakota Population (2000): 885 Housing Units (2000): 424 Land area (2000): 0.579285 sq. miles (1.500340 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.579285 sq. miles (1.500340… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

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